A Minnesota woman, one of the last people to be individually prosecuted in the US for illegal downloading and file-sharing, faces a $220,000 bill after a federal. File sharing has been a contentious issue in the UK and the UK government believed action would help drive the UK’s vital creative and digital sectors to bolster. Backlash launched a campaign in 2005 to challenge the joint UK Home Office and Scottish Executive proposals to criminalize simple possession of material.
Japan to make illegal downloading of music, videos punishable with jail terms . The new law applies to those found in possession of pirated material such as music, DVDs or Blu- ray discs, and could result in fines of up to 2 million yen and sentences of up to two years in prison, according to CNET Japan. The changes to the law bring Japan in line with the U. S., where downloading is already a criminal offense and punishments are even more severe. The government claims the move has been introduced to protect people making music.
Warner Music Japan CEO Keiichi Ishizaka has been quoted in the press as saying that he would like to see all illegal downloading eradicated. The new amendment makes illegal downloading truly punishable for the first time.
Here you'll find a set of general FAQs covering the film classification process, how and when to contact the BBFC and general advice about BBFC services. At 10/10/07 09:16 PM, BlueFlameSkulls wrote: So is there any UK legislation that prohibits it? I don't see how it's much of a problem, there are no children harmed. 2016 EU law is Kodi legal
The downloading of copyrighted material without permission has been illegal in Japan since 2. As a result, punishments were restricted to those who uploaded pirated content. Uploaders were liable to face penalties of up to 1. The bill passed the Lower House last Wednesday with little opposition, and passed the Upper House by a vote of 2.
NTV reported. One of the few opponents of the bill, Takeshi Miyamoto, suggested although illegal downloading was a problem, a more effective approach to eradicating the practice would be to establish systems to efficiently remove illegal content, rather than to focus on punishment. Meanwhile, NHK reports that some legal experts have expressed concern that the bill’s unclear wording could lead to unfair and unnecessary prosecutions. The bill says that a person who is aware that the the download or stream results in a copyright infringement can face charges. As a result, even watching a You.
Tube video could result in prosecution if the viewer is aware that streaming the media is illegal. Some groups, including the Japan Federation of Bar Associations, have suggested that this may be an excessive measure in a country that still relies on the sales and rentals of physical media and has seen a relatively slow uptake of legal download services. Upper House member Yuko Mori, another opponent of the amendment, was widely quoted in the Japanese press as saying, “We shouldn’t risk making the general public, including young people, the subject of criminal investigations.”The Recording Industry Association of Japan (RIAJ) said it believes the amendments are good for the industry, and that it will strive to make the public aware of the new rules and penalties, the Nikkei reported. RIAJ chairman and CEO of Sony Music Entertainment Japan Naoki Kitagawa claimed the changes would “reduce the spread of copyright infringement activities on the Internet.”The new law will come into effect in October.
Can I be prosecuted for chanting at football matches? Chanting at football grounds has been recognised as part and parcel of the game for years and is something which is seen as ingrained in the culture of our nation. Furthermore it is a practice which is encouraged by clubs in order to create an atmosphere at the ground in order for the fans to get behind their team. The 1. 2th man So often when talking about football matches we here talk of the 1.
This 1. 2th man can be created by the fans cheering on their own players but also by creating an intimidating atmosphere for the opposition players. Intimidating atmosphere for opposition players There are certain grounds in the UK which opposition players are treated to such loud dissent that it becomes an increasingly intimidating place to visit .
Clearly this is something which will be encouraged by the club if it helps them win football matches. However, sometimes this can go too far and when it does the law can step in. What does the law say? The Football Offences Act 1. Under the Football Offences Act 1. For this offence to be proven the chanting has to have been either due to the race of one of the players or regarded as indecent. Racial chanting. Racial chanting has been a problem which has existed within football for many years and is something that football clubs in England and the Football Association have tried to eradicate through the FA.
For racist chanting to occur it will have to be proven that the chanting is in fact racist. This may be something which is sometimes difficult to establish. During a 2. 00. 8 derby match from the North- east of England an Egyptian player on the away side was subjected to Islamaphobic taunting from a section of the home fans. In this case the accused fans claimed that they were simply referring to the Egyptian player. They claimed that the chant was therefore not racist and was in fact humorous. The court in this case disagreed with them and they were prosecuted under the Football Offences Act. Chanting directed at players of their own team.
The issue of racial chanting brings up the situation where one team may be making comments towards one of their own players which they may regard as humorous. For example one player in the Premier League who originates from Asia is sung about by his home fans in relation to the particular culinary persuasions of his people.
Whether this would be regarded as racialist chanting under the act remains to be seen. Indecent Chanting Proving whether a chant is in fact indecent is a much more difficult task than proving that a chant is racist.
This is due to their being little definition of what is meant by indecent by the Act. Cases will have to be assessed on an individual basis and will depend fully on the individual facts of each case. When looking at a high profile case from 2.
Whether decent members of the public found this offensive . This case had hinged upon complaints made by certain supporters about the chanting enabling the police to run an investigation which resulted in the prosecution of four offenders. The chanting may have been regarded as indecent by certain members of the support but this may not have been the case by other members of the support – 7 other defendants in this case (3 of them minors) pleaded not guilty to the offence showing that they believe their actions to be outside the remit of the act. What is the likely punishment for an offence under the Football Offences Act? It is unlikely that individuals will be punished with a prison sentence under the Football Offences Act with the more likely punishment being a civil penalty called a football banning order. In the case involving the indecent chanting the four men found guilty received a football banning order which applied to all football grounds in the country.
Poor taste versus indecent Many chants happening during football matches may often be in poor taste but that does not necessarily mean that they are indecent. For example many players with famous wives are subject to much abuse concerning their wives. Kubuntu 12.04 Alternate Download. Whether this would in fact be indecent is an issue which the courts would have to decide looking at each case on an individual basis. However, it is likely that chanting in relation to the sexual orientation of a certain player or something along similar lines would be regarded as indecent. Issues dealt with internally by clubs and football authorities Due to the many issues associated with prosecution under the Football Offences Act the problem of chanting by fans is often a problem which is left to be dealt with by the individual clubs and the Football Association.
As stated previously the FA runs campaigns involved with ridding the game of prejudices on the grounds of race but also in relation to homosexuality. Both the FA and the individual clubs have the power to eject people from stadiums and ban them from stadiums so it is often felt that football has the necessary means to deal with this internally.